145 câu thực hành Unit 2: Urbanisation - Tiếng Anh 12

docx 9 trang bichngan 26/12/2022 7660
Bạn đang xem tài liệu "145 câu thực hành Unit 2: Urbanisation - Tiếng Anh 12", để tải tài liệu gốc về máy hãy click vào nút Download ở trên.

File đính kèm:

  • docx145_cau_thuc_hanh_unit_2_urbanisation_tieng_anh_12.docx

Nội dung text: 145 câu thực hành Unit 2: Urbanisation - Tiếng Anh 12

  1. NEW CURRICULUM TEXTBOOK-BASED PRACTICE TEST UNIT 2: URBANIZATIONS 24. Since 1979, ULI has honored outstanding development projects in the private, public, and nonprofit sectors with the ULI Global Awards for Excellence program, which today is widely recognized as the development community's most prestigious awards program. A. important B. notable C. ordinary D. respected 25. Many people move to urban areas seeking for job opportunity as well as stable employment. A. durable B. long-lasting C. steady D. temporary 26. In cities, two of the most pressing problems facing the world today also come together: poverty and environmental degradation. A. destruction B. poisoning C. pollution D. progression 27. Unemployment is a massive problem for the government at the moment. A. main B. major C. minor D. primary 28. A cost-effective way to fight crime is that instead of making punishments more severe, the authorities should increase the odds that lawbreakers will be apprehended and punished quickly. A. economical B. practical C. profitable D. worthless 29. I propose that we wait until the budget has been announced before committing ourselves to any expenditure. A. approve B. recommend C. reject D. suggest 30. Until 1986 most companies would not even allow women to take the exams, but such gender discrimination is now disappearing. A. unfairness B. injustice C. partiality D. equality 31. The best hope of' avoiding downmarket tabloid TV future lies in the pressure currently being put on the networks to clean up their act. A. expensive B. famous C. poor quality D. uncreative 32. Without economie security and amid poor living conditions, crime is inevitable. A. assured B. compulsory C. inescapable D. preventable 33. Increases in motor vehicle usage have resulted in congestion on the roads. A. blockage B. obstruction C. opening D. overcrowding 34. Urbanization is the shift of people from rural to urban areas, and the result is the growth of cities. A. maintenance B. movement C. transposition D. variation Exercise 5. Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. 35. Urban development ean magnify the risk of environmental hazards for example flash flooding. A B C D 36. Even if rural areas are winning or losing from increased trade, however, remains uncertain. A B C D 37. Strong city planning will be essential in managing those and others difficulties as the world's urban areas well. A B C D 38. Because of urbanization continues, not only the infrastructure for health but also other social services in cities need improving. A B C D 39. Government should be used national resources in a more efficient way in order to meet the needs of growing populations. A B C D 40. What problems could it cause and how citizens should prevent these challenges will be covered in my essay. A B C D 41. Overpopulation is an undesirable condition where the number of existing human population exceeding the carrying capacity of Earth. A B C D 42. The loan is interest-free, which means that you will only pay the fee listing on our website, with no extra payment in the form of interest. A B C D 43. Food prices have raised so rapidly in the past few months that some families have been forced to alter their eating habits. A B C D 44. Because of severe asthma attacks, the doctor suggested his patient to stop smoking. A B C D 45. Improving the status of women through increasing access to reproductive health care affecting migration and urbanization trends. A B C D Đỗ Bình – THPT Liễn Sơn, Lập Thạch, Vĩnh Phúc – www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 2
  2. NEW CURRICULUM TEXTBOOK-BASED PRACTICE TEST UNIT 2: URBANIZATIONS A. falling off B. knocking down C. looking over D. passing out 71. In order to apply for a credit card, Tom first has to___ a four-page form at the bank. A. catch on B. come up with C. fill in D. hand out 72. The teacher explained so much stuff in just one lesson that most of the students could___ only half of it. A. break up B. get through C. let out D. take in 73. The map of top ten most densely___ countries in the world includes Monaco, Singapore, Bahrain, Malta and Bangladesh. A. populated B. populating C. population D. popular 74. Interactive games could be used in order to keep students___. A. engage B. engaged C. engagement D. engaging 75. We could mention some solution and government___ in the conclusion. A. initiates B. initiatives C. initiations D. initiators 76. Women who___ due to marriage are not considered to be___. A. migrate – migrants B. migrate – migrators C. migrant – migrators D. migrant - migrations 77. Each child had to___ a short speech to the rest of the class. A. do B. carry out C. make D. take 78. Although it was more than an hour late, the superstar finally showed up and___ the attention of the audience. A. grabbed B. held C. paid D. took 79. Has the interviewer___ the date? Yes, it's on next Monday. A. amend B. fixed C. moved D. revised 80. Don't worry. We're in good time; there's___ to hurry. A. impossible B. no need C. no purpose D. unnecessary 81. Overpopulation in urban areas tends to create unfavourable conditions, which may result in___ of food in developing countries. A. damages B. failures C. shortages D. supplies 82. He wasn't able to___ with the stresses and strains of the job. A. catch up B. come down C. cope D. handle 83. Urbanization can bring social health and benefit; ___, it also has its drawbacks. A. by the way B . furthermore C. however D. moreover 84. During the lesson, if you have questions or comments, please feel free to___ them. A. enlarge B. increase C. go up D. raise 85. We have to come to the conclusion. We are___ out of time. A. driving B. going C. running D. walking 86. Thanks to the development in technology, students have___ to good resources. A. been accessed B. access C. accessing D. assessed 87. The rate of urbanization is low___ the rate of urban growth is high. A. but B. however C. so D. therefore 88. The level of urban unemployment and numbers of___ are high. A. joblessness B. the jobless C. the joblessness D. the jobs 89. A high increase in crime rates is___ by the majority of the people in urban cities. A. affected B. gone through C. influenced D. suffered 90. Anna organized a few games to___ the ice when the new students first arrived. A. break B. crack C. drill D. melt Part IV. SPEAKING Exercise 7. Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct response to each of the following exchanges. 91. Mark: "How do you do?" Jenny: “___” A. I'm well. Thank you. B. How do you do? C. Not too bad. D. Yeah, OK. 92. Mark: “___” Jenny: "I think there are various reasons." A. Do you mind if I think about reasons for urbanization? B. I'd like to invite you to think about reasons for urbanization. C. What do you think about reasons for urbanization? D. Would you mind thinking about the reasons for urbanization? 93. Jenny: "I think higher living standard is one of the reasons that many people want to be a city dweller." Mark: “___” Đỗ Bình – THPT Liễn Sơn, Lập Thạch, Vĩnh Phúc – www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 4
  3. NEW CURRICULUM TEXTBOOK-BASED PRACTICE TEST UNIT 2: URBANIZATIONS 109. A. amounts B. numbers C. ranges D. sums 110. A. per cent B. percentage C. proportion D. rate 111. A. what B. where C. which D. why 112. A. demands B. needs C. orders D. uses 113. A. almost B. most C. mostly D. nearly 114. A. form B. hand C. place D. time 115. A. but B. nor C. or D. yet 116. A. are learned B. being learned C. learned D. learning 117. A. by B. into C. up to D. up with Exercise 9. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. The increase in urbanization causes different problems. Air and water pollution are amongst the major issue we have to tackle. In the first place, cars, factories and burning waste emit dangerous gases that change the air quality in our cities and pose threats to our health. Dangerous gases such as carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides cause respiratory diseases, for instant, bronchitis and asthma. Those are also proved to have long-term effects on the environment. Furthermore, with the increased population, it becomes difficult to manage the waste generated in cities. Most of the waste is discharged or dumped into rivers or onto streets. The waste pollutes water and makes it unfit for human consumption. Subsequently, it becomes more and more difficult for city dwellers to get clean water. Some cities in Africa are unable to provide adequate water supply because most of the water is lost in pipe leakages. In fact, most city dwellers in developing countries are forced to boil their water or to buy bottled water, which is very expensive. There are several actions that could be taken to eradicate the problems described above. Firstly, a simple solution would be joining community efforts to address problems affecting your city. Ask your parents, friends and relatives to join in as well. These efforts might include clean-up campaigns, recycling projects and a signature campaign to ask the government to do something about the situation. A second measure would be encouraging your teacher to talk about these problems and to discuss how young people can help to solve them. Finally, writing to local organizations working on these issues for ideas on how you can contribute to solve them. 118. The word tackle in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to___. A. deal with B. make up C. try on D. turn down 119. The word those in paragraph 2 refers to___. A. bronchitis and asthma B. carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides C. dangerous gases D. respiratory diseases 120. According to the passage, in some cities in Africa___. A. people are allowed to dump waste into rivers and on streets B. people aren't provided enough water due to leaking pipes C. people have found some solutions to the problems D. people would rather use boiling water and bottled water 121. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. City problems should be taught and be topic for students to discuss at school. B. Children must ask for their parent's permission before joining community efforts. C. Participators might take part in different kinds of projects and campaigns. D. People can contribute in solving the problems by writing to local organizations working on these issues. 122. Which of the following would serve as the best title for the passage? A. Environment degradation: Air and water pollution B. Environmental pollution: Problems and actions C. Increasing urbanization: Causes and effects D. Increasing urbanization: Effects and solutions Exercise 10. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. Buying a house is the single largest financial investment an individual makes. Yet, in India this act is fraught with risk and individuals depend on weak laws for justice. Occasionally, deviant Đỗ Bình – THPT Liễn Sơn, Lập Thạch, Vĩnh Phúc – www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 6
  4. NEW CURRICULUM TEXTBOOK-BASED PRACTICE TEST UNIT 2: URBANIZATIONS C. The demand for labor force reduced. D. The demand for labor force remained stable. 132. The industrial production plummeted spectacularly from 1990 to 2000. A. The industrial production fell quickly in ten years from 1990 to 2000. B. The industrial production fell steadily in ten years from 1990 to 2000. C. The industrial production rose sharply in ten years from 1990 to 2000. D. The industrial production rose slightly in ten years from 1990 to 2000. 133. There was a 5% drop in the student enrollment of the university. A. The student enrollment of the university dropped by 5%. B. The student enrollment of the university dropped for 5%. C. The student enrollment of the university dropped in 5%. D. The student enrollment of the university dropped to 5%. 134. There was a 30% rise in the rate of unemployment. A. There was a rise by 30% in the rate of unemployment. B. There was a rise of 30% in the rate of unemployment. C. There was a rise to 30% in the rate of unemployment. D. There was a rise up 30% in the rate of unemployment. 135. Rapid ups and downs in the number of students could be observed in June. A. The number of students changed dramatically in June. B. The number of students did not stay the same in June. C. The number of students fluctuated wildly in June. D. The number of students went up and then fell in June. 136. There was moderate fluctuation in the availability of seasonal produce. A. The availability of seasonal produce experienced a stable period. B. The availability of seasonal produce is recorded leveling off. C. The availability of seasonal produce hardly moved up and down. D. The availability of seasonal produce went through a period of erratic. 137. The rural population grew slowly from 1950 to 1990 and reached its peak in 1992. A. The rural population experienced an upward trend from 1950 to 1992. B. The rural population hit its highest level in 1992 after a slight increase in 40 years. C. The rural population leveled off in 1992 after growing slowly for 40 years. D. The rural population reached its lowest level in 1992 after growing slowly for 40 years. 138. The number of unemployed people doubled between 2005 and 2009. A. Twice as many people were unemployed in 2005 compared to 2009. B. Twice as many people were unemployed in 2009 than in 2005. C. There were twice as many unemployed people in 2005 compared to 2009. D. There were twice as many unemployed people in 2009 as in 2005. Exercise 12. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. 139. The share price fluctuated. The trend was slightly upward. A. The share price fluctuated; as the upward trend. B. The share price fluctuated; consequently, the trend was slightly upward. C. The share price fluctuated; due to the upward trend. D. The share price fluctuated; however, the trend was slightly upward. 140. Asia is home to 50 per cent of the world's urban population. At the same time, Europe is home to 14 per cent of the world's urban population. A. Asia is home to 50 per cent of the world's urban population although Europe is home to 14 per cent of the world's urban population. B. Asia is home to 50 per cent of the world's urban population due to Europe is home to 14 per cent of the world's urban population. C. Asia is home to 50 per cent of the world's urban population, nevertheless, Europe is home to 14 per cent of the world's urban population. D. Asia is home to 50 per cent of the world's urban population whereas Europe is home to 14 per cent of the world's urban population. 141. Increasing urbanization has led to problems. Cities are centers of civilization and culture. Đỗ Bình – THPT Liễn Sơn, Lập Thạch, Vĩnh Phúc – www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 8